|Ouidah is a major historic city of the Atlantic Department in Benin Republic. The name refers etymologically to Ouidah ethnonym used by the Fon of Abomey to appoint its first inhabitants, the HOUEDAH. This term will be perceived differently and transcribed by Europeans: Judah Ajuda by the Portuguese (16th century), Fida by the Dutch (17th century), by English Whydah (1681-1780) and Ouidah by the French (17th century).
Between 2 ° and 2 °15 latitude East and 6 °15 and 6°30, in the Atlantic, the town of Ouidah covers an area of 364 km2. It is limited:
- On the south by the Atlantic Ocean,
- On the east by the town of Abomey,
- On the west by the Municipality of Grand-Popo
- And in the northern part by the Towns of Kpomasse and Tori - Bossito.
The town of Ouidah has ten (10) districts further subdivided into sixty (60) urban neighborhoods and villages.
The names of localities reveal a cultural background and rich history. Each city district is headed by a Chief District, while each village is headed by a village chief. They are under the authority of an elected District Leader and member of the Council.
Located southwest of Benin, Ouidah belongs to the geographical so-called "Wetland". It has a Sudano-Guinean climate, characterized by two rainy seasons alternating with two dry seasons of unequal durations. The height of water collected during the year varies between 950 and 1150 mm. It is larger in the East and West. The average temperature is 27 °C from 24 ° to 30 °C in the rainy season and from 23 ° to 33 ° C in dry seasons.
The drainage area of the Commune is essentially characterized by a lake and lagoon, the main plans are : Djessin and Dome , the Djegbadji lagoon and Toho lake. They are fed by the rivers of the Basin including Southwest Kouffo and Mono. They are usually very crowded and fisheries production is declining.